Diabetes causes severe vision loss

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Diabetes causes severe vision loss

Stating that diabetes (diabetes) disrupts the vascular structure of all organs, doctors from Professor Kaskaloğlu Eye Hospital. Dr. Erkin Kır said that this condition also affects the eye and can lead to diabetic retinopathy, which results in severe vision loss.

Stating that with the long-term high course of blood sugar in diabetes, the capillaries become clogged and their structure deteriorates. Dr. Erkin Kır said that in this disease, the nutrition of the eye also deteriorates, small vascular enlargements leading to edema and formations of unwanted new vessels that cause bleeding are observed.

Noting that patients diagnosed with diabetes should undergo an eye exam from the moment of diagnosis, Mr Kır said that if diabetic retinopathy is left untreated, it can lead to intraocular bleeding and severe irreversible vision loss. .

REGULAR DIABETES REQUIRED

Stating that with the development of diabetic retinopathy, patients should have eye exams every 3-6 months, depending on disease status. Dr. Erkin Kır pointed out that in some cases exams can be done much more frequently and said, “It is very important to keep sugar under control. Diabetic retinopathy can be prevented by regular sugar therapy. Even if eye treatment is successful, diabetes treatment should continue at the same time. For this, there are devices that display the sugar level like a clock. If necessary, these devices can be obtained under the guidance of endocrine doctors. In addition to hyperglycemia, comorbidities such as hypertension increase the risk of diabetic retinopathy. In the diagnosis, the examination is carried out with the drops. Angiography and ocular tomography provide us with the information necessary for diagnosis.

Expressing that laser and intraocular needle treatments are applied in the treatment of macular edema and hemorrhages that develop after the deterioration of small vessel structures, Kır went on to say, “In addition; In advanced cases, vision loss does not progress and regresses. kazanvitrectomy surgery is required. These surgeries, which are mostly performed without stitches with incisions smaller than 1 mm, are performed very safely and successfully. If the disease is detected early, treatments are more effective. This is why regular visual inspection is important.

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